fbpx
士 THE GOOD ONE Logo

Dr Jonas Edward Salk

Feb 21, 2018

Jonas Edward Salk

(/sɔːlk/; October 28, 1914 – June 23, 1995) was an American medical researcher and virologist. He discovered and developed one of the first successful polio vaccines. Born in New York City, he attended New York University School of Medicine, later choosing to do medical research instead of becoming a practicing physician. In 1939, after earning his medical degree, Salk began an internship as a physician scientist at Mount Sinai Hospital.[1] Two years later he was granted a fellowship at the University of Michigan, where he would study flu viruses with his mentor Thomas Francis, Jr..[2]

Until 1955, when the Salk vaccine was introduced, polio was considered one of the most frightening public health problems in the world. In the postwar United States, annual epidemics were increasingly devastating. The 1952 U.S. epidemic was the worst outbreak in the nation’s history. Of nearly 58,000 cases reported that year, 3,145 people died and 21,269 were left with mild to disabling paralysis,[3] with most of its victims being children. The “public reaction was to a plague”, said historian William L. O’Neill.[4] “Citizens of urban areas were to be terrified every summer when this frightful visitor returned.” According to a 2009 PBS documentary, “Apart from the atomic bomb, America’s greatest fear was polio.”[5]As a result, scientists were in a frantic race to find a way to prevent or cure the disease. In 1938, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the world’s most recognized victim of the disease, had founded the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (known as March of Dimes Foundationsince 2007), an organization that would fund the development of a vaccine.

In 1947, Salk accepted an appointment to the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. In 1948, he undertook a project funded by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis to determine the number of different types of polio virus. Salk saw an opportunity to extend this project towards developing a vaccine against polio, and, together with the skilled research team he assembled, devoted himself to this work for the next seven years. The field trial set up to test the Salk vaccine was, according to O’Neill, “the most elaborate program of its kind in history, involving 20,000 physicians and public health officers, 64,000 school personnel, and 220,000 volunteers.” Over 1,800,000 school children took part in the trial.[6]When news of the vaccine’s success was made public on April 12, 1955, Salk was hailed as a “miracle worker” and the day almost became a national holiday. Around the world, an immediate rush to vaccinate began, with countries including Canada, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, West Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Belgium planning to begin polio immunization campaigns using Salk’s vaccine.

Salk campaigned for mandatory vaccination, claiming that public health should be considered a “moral commitment.”[7] His sole focus had been to develop a safe and effective vaccine as rapidly as possible, with no interest in personal profit. When asked who owned the patent to it, Salk said, “Well, the people I would say. There is no patent. Could you patent the sun?”[8] In 1960, he founded the Salk Institute for Biological Studiesin La JollaCalifornia, which is today a center for medical and scientific research. He continued to conduct research and publish books, including Man Unfolding (1972), The Survival of the Wisest (1973), World Population and Human Values: A New Reality (1981), and Anatomy of Reality: Merging of Intuition and Reason (1983). Salk’s last years were spent searching for a vaccine against HIV. His personal papers are stored at the University of California, San Diego Library.[9][10]

Read more here:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonas_Salk

OUR MISSION

There are millions of good people out there. And we all have the same goal. We want to make this world a better place. Join us now.

Jose Mujica

One of the best presidents ever! Seriously. Jose Mujica is maybe one of the most loved people in Uruguay. He served as president from 2010 – 2015 after being long years in prison during the dictatorship period of his country. He was essentially involved in catapulting...

Nobody ever wrote down a plan to be broke, fat, lazy, or stupid. Those things are what happen when you don’t have a plan. — 士 Larry Winget

Nobody ever wrote down a plan to be broke, fat, lazy, or stupid. Those things are what happen when you don’t have a plan. — 士 Larry Winget

Family dysfunction rolls down from generation to generation, like a fire in the woods, taking down everything in its path until one person in one generation has the courage to turn and face the flames. That person brings peace to their ancestors and spares the children that follow. — 士 Terry Real

Family dysfunction rolls down from generation to generation, like a fire in the woods, taking down everything in its path until one person in one generation has the courage to turn and face the flames. That person brings peace to their ancestors and spares the...

People often say that motivation doesn’t last. Well, neither does bathing. That’s why we recommend it daily. — 士 Zig Ziglar

People often say that motivation doesn’t last. Well, neither does bathing. That’s why we recommend it daily. — 士 Zig Ziglar

I can accept failure, everyone fails at something. But I can’t accept not trying. — 士 Michael Jordan

I can accept failure, everyone fails at something. But I can't accept not trying. — 士 Michael Jordan

Banksy

Banksy is an anonymous England-based street artist, vandal, political activist, and film director, active since the 1990s.[2] His satirical street art and subversive epigrams combine dark...

Carl Ludwig and Jesse Owens — When Friendship Wins The Race

Much has been documented on this remarkable friendship between Carl Ludwig and Jesse Owens during the Olympic Games 1936 in Nazi-Germany. But here is yet one more post about the exemplary sportsmanship of both athletes. Ludwig was the dream model for German race...

The best way to predict the future is to create it. — 士 Peter Drucker

The best way to predict the future is to create it. — 士 Peter Drucker

Your future self is watching you right now through your memories — 士 Aubrey de Grey

Your future self is watching you right now through your memories — 士 Aubrey de Grey

Years of Living Dangerously

Years of Living Dangerously is an American documentary television series focusing on global warming. The first season was broadcast in the US in 2014 on Showtime. It won an Emmy Award as Outstanding Documentary or Nonfiction Series. The second season aired on...